All around the world Cashmere is being praised for it's soft texture and luxurious feel. For centuries this exclusive fabric has ruled the world of fashion and luxury. Although Cashmere is a well known fabric, not many people know a lot about the specific aspects of this type of yarn. Fisher & Woordes works with the greatest Italian Cashmere specialists and through this collaboration we have been able to gain some information about this special fabric. Here are seven things you need to know about Cashmere:
Cashmere is an animal-hair fiber, forming the downy undercoat of the Kashmir goat (Pashmina Kashmir goat). The Kashmir goat has long twisting horns and is named after the Kashmir area located in Northern India & Pakistan and South-West China.Although the goat is also bred in other areas, only the original Kashmir goat delivers the finest quality cashmere. It is very rare and constitutes less than 0.1% of global cashmere production.
The cashmere goat has a protective outer coat. The downy undercoat is made up of the fine, soft fiber, called cashmere. Most of this down fiber is plucked or combed out by hand during the molting season (typically from March to May). The best quality is taken from the goat’s neck and chin. The annual yield per goat on average is about 150 grams.
The Kashmir goat lives in the Kashmir area on the foot of the Himalaya. It can get pretty cold there and the goats can only survive through their protective hair coats. The combed undercoat has superb warmth insulating capacities. For comparison purposes: cashmere is approximately three times more insulating than sheep wool.
The cashmere fiber has a unique property; it is the only hollow fiber in the world. This makes it extremely light. In addition, it also allows easy blending with other materials like Merino wool.
The softness of the cashmere goat fiber is directly related to its diameter and length. A human hair is about 5 to 6 times thicker in diameter than a cashmere fiber. In addition, the length of the fiber also influences the softness and the strength. Better quality cashmere is predominantly made from long fibers.
Pilling is natural and is caused by friction. Persistent pilling can only occur when lower quality cashmere is used (shorter fibers). Better quality cashmere uses long fibers and then pilling only occurs once. After cleaning it will never happen again.
Cashmere products should not be cleaned in a washing machine. We recommended to wash your cashmere products with baby shampoo. Gently swirl your cashmere piece in lukewarm water and keep it there for about half an hour. To dry: lay your cashmere piece out on a towel and then roll it in your towel to absorb the water.
The most exclusive cashmere yarns are used to create this masterpiece. Carefully shorn from the undercoat of the Pashmina Kashmir goat (living in the harsh climate of the Himalaya area), this cashmere goat fiber is one of the best quality wools available. The selected long fibers are 5 to 6 times thinner than human hair, lightweight, have extreme warmth insulation properties yet still allow for natural breathability. As the supply of the finest quality cashmere is limited (due to low sheering yields, laborious processing and controlled farming), we are proud to be able to offer you this rare piece. Once in your possession, it will be your favorite for years to come.