Seven Things You Need To Know About Cashmere

1. True Cashmere is very rare
Cashmere is an animal-hair fiber, forming the downy undercoat of the Kashmir goat (Pashmina Kashmir goat). The Kashmir goat has long twisting horns and is named after the Kashmir area located in Northern India & Pakistan and South-West China. 

Although the goat is also bred in other areas, only the original Kashmir goat delivers the finest quality cashmere. It is very rare and constitutes less than 0.1% of global cashmere production.

2. Cashmere yield is small
The cashmere goat has a protective outer coat. The downy undercoat is made up of the fine, soft fiber, called cashmere. Most of this down fiber is plucked or combed out by hand during the molting season (typically from March to May). The best quality is taken from the goat’s neck and chin. The annual yield per goat on average is about 150 grams.    

3. Superb warmth insulation
The Kashmir goat lives in the Kashmir area on the foot of the Himalaya. It can get pretty cold there and the goats can only survive through their protective hair coats. The combed undercoat has superb warmth insulating capacities. For comparison purposes: cashmere is approximately three times more insulating than sheep wool. 

4. Very low weight
The cashmere fiber is the only hollow fiber in the world. This makes it super light. In addition, it also allows easy blending with other materials like Merino wool.

5. High Softness
The softness of the cashmere goat fiber is directly related to its diameter and length.
A human hair is about 5 to 6 times thicker in diameter than a cashmere fiber.
In addition, the length of the fiber also influences the softness and the strength. Better quality cashmere is predominantly made from long fibers.

6. Pilling
Pilling is natural and is caused by friction. Persistent pilling can only occur when lower quality cashmere is used (shorter fibers). Better quality cashmere uses long fibers and then pilling only occurs once. After cleaning it will never happen again.

7. Cleaning & care
Cashmere products should not be cleaned in a washing machine. We recommended to wash your cashmere products with baby shampoo. Gently swirl your cashmere piece in lukewarm water and keep it there for about half an hour. To dry: lay your cashmere piece out on a towel and then roll it in your towel to absorb the water. 

For high quality real cashmere scarves and beanies, please visit one of our collections:

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